Dr. Sharda Jain
Gynaecologist
011-22414049
09650511339,09650588339
ISO Certified Super Speciality Gynae Clinic 9001:2001. Centre Of Excellence for Office Procedure.
Dr. Sharda Jain
MD. ( PGIMER), MANMS, FICOG,FIMSA, DHM, QM & AHD
 
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Population Issues: Delaying Age of Marriage
Current world population estimate is 6.824 billion people as on June 2010, while India’s present population is 1.15 billion. Most people in India are now above that the country’s population is growing rapidly and appreciable the urgent need for controlling its rate of growth. India was the first country to start National Family Welfare Programme (NFWP), initiated primarily to reduce the population growth of India.

India is increasing dependence on food aid from developed world due to domestic shortages fuelled the panic around its population grow in 1960. In 1966 India censured are fourth of USA’s total wheal production and Nehru remarked that western world is getting frightened at the prospect of masses in India, becoming vaster and vaster, and swarming all over the place in the world.

It is true that Indian of 1960 had affinity for big families even among the middle class. But our early family planning polices had an unused emphasis on self control or thing like ‘rhythm method’. People laughed when they talked and rhythm method to people who didn’t know the calendar. Then the gave up rosaries of colored beads. At high, people couldn’t tell the red beads for “don’t” from green for “go head”. Not surprisingly in 50’s and 60’s, remained high even white IMR and death rate fell rapidly of global panic around population growth surged. Indian and Chinese govt. become serious. In 60’s  Dr. S. Chandrashekhar, minister of family planning sa9id our house is on fire; and if we focused more on sterisation, we can get the blaze under control.

By the 70’s programme and targets for sterisation of were get govt. tried to promote sterisation with incentives and SOPs; but the numbers did not go up state effort to persuade citizen’s into sterisation back fired in unexpected ways. People refused to take BCG vaccine as it stood for Birth control government.

We all know NFWP again tended to achieve targets as major reason for this being the undue importance given to sterilization which has prevent ineffective in reducing family size and we all know as Sanjay effect during emergency – Era sterilization programme. The Nasbandi programme was the last of asp of NFWP – there after no politician govt. officer ever talked about NFWP or population problem in public or other wise.

Now population talks is only seen in academic circles and seminar organized by              .
There is no clear policy of government, what wants officer in MOHFP, offer bring experts together and offer debate.

What other factors are slow down the high rate of growth of population, so that efforts an be made to manipulate such factors in under to check population in India.

Developed nation of western world are good example “Education” had been their first and foremost priority and giving than jobs was their second responsibility. Since 80’s their annual growth rate is declining, because people have no time to produce children.

India’s population growth at annual rate of only 0.56 percent during 1907-11, by 1.26 during 1941-51 and 2.28 percent during 1971-81 and presently at 2.1 percent (2001-2010). Incidentally, the death rate declined substantially. The difference between the birth and death rate worked out to be 6.6 points in 1901-11, 22.2 points in 1971-81 and in decade 2001-2010. it is interesting and education to find that fertility is the major average contributing to the high growth rate skill.